Monday, May 25, 2020
Scrambling Africa and the Aftermath. One common phenomenon between many nations of the world is the colony. The United States, Canada, South Korea, Niger, India, Kenya, Australia, and the Republic of South Africa and more shared the pros and cons of colonial systems. They are all former colonies to the extent that India, Nigeria, South Africa, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand are members of the Commonwealth, they are former colonies of the United Kingdom and they all continue to concede the nominal leadership of the queen. Here we come to the limit of the commonality of the countries that we routinely put the stamp Ã¢â¬Å"former colonies.Ã¢â¬ Since the many countries that we often put under that rubric have traversed diverse trajectories both as colonies and former colonies, it is difficult to justify our thinking about them in their sameness, except nominally. Because whereas Canada, the United States, and Australia are obviously modern states with thriving economies built on intense industrialization (and South Korea, India, and the Republic of South Africa are not far behind), few will say that Nigeria or the rest of the former colonies in Africa either have thriving economies or can be judged modern states. What is more, although Canada, the United States, and Australia have thriving systems of rule of law as well as robust civil societies, in spite of the fact that many African countries are now ostensibly under representative democracies, few will deny that they are nowhereShow MoreRelatedSoci al And Economic Effects Of British Imperialism1544 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespopulation. Scramble for Africa The Scramble for Africa was marked by the occupation, division, and colonisation of African territories. It was lead by European powers in the period of New Imperialism, and disrupted many belief systems and traditional ways of life. It was a scramble as European powers aimed to increase their control over African territory, materials, and markets. The competition was intense, and eventually divided much of the continent among themselves. Much of Africa was forciblyRead MoreThe Aftermath of the Atlantic Slave Trade779 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe aftermath of the Atlantic Slave Trade included the commercialization of African economies and the solidification of European colonization and colonialism. Describe this commercialization and its subsequent effects. The demise of the African slave trade began in 1807 when Britain forbade the capturing and selling of African slaves. The result had both positive and negative consequences for Africa. It was positive in that attention turned to the lucrative resources that Africa possessed and EuropeRead MoreImperialism During The Late 1800s1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCommodore Matthew Perry, the country may still be isolated today. The Treaty of Kanagawa allowed the United States to have trading rights with Japan and soon after the treaty the nation was going through industrialization, the Meiji Restoration. The aftermath of the industrialization was that soon Japan became an imperialist power, and as seen in Document 4, it could be seen that Japan obtained many colonies by the early 1900s. Despite being a colony there were many benefits to it, education, new technologyRead MoreAnalysis Of Lather And Nothing Else847 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbetween them occurred; the barber further incentive to kill hi m. However, using foresight and reasoning, he realizes that killing him would be futile as there will be more to take his place. The barber is realizing the futility of the potential aftermath that could follow by killing Tellez. Thinking to himself he says; Ã¢â¬Å"What is to be gained by it? Nothing. Others and still others keep coming, and the first kill the secondÃ¢â¬ ¦and so on until everything becomes a sea of bloodÃ¢â¬ (Tellez 3). In this quotationRead MoreThe Great Powers Of The World War ( 1914-18 ) Essay1854 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesalbeit smaller role that the Berlin Conference (1884-85) and the subsequent Ã¢â¬ËScramble for AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢ played in worsening colonial rivalries, which increased tensions amongst the Great Powers, thus drawing the continent closer to war. Ultimately, this essay aims to provide insight into the role of imperial competition in international relations during the 19th Century. To a large extent, GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s unification in the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) caused the initial destabilisation ofRead MoreWorld War I And The Great War2441 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesof the world war one. This involved continued increase of power and wealth. This was achieved by increasing the number of territories a country controlled. It is noted that Africa and Asia were the main territories where the raw materials demanded by these superpower countries in Europe were obtained. It is through this scramble that led to the confrontation amongst these nations. This fueled the tension which existed among them and hence they engaged in the world war one. The demand of more empiresRead MoreThe Causes and Consequences of the Herero War (1904-1907) Essay3023 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesindependent, presiding over a decentralized tribal government, with extended families and their cattle herds spread over hundreds of miles. Germany first arrived in Africa in 1884, using th e private land claims of a businessman, Adolf Luderitz, as the legal basis for establishing a protectorate over a vast desert hinterland, making South West Africa its first African colony. The first German treaties did not concern the Herero because they lived well-inland from the Atlantic Ocean. Chief Kamaherero negotiatedRead MoreColonialism in Africa Essay example2840 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesCOLONIALISM IN AFRICA How does the legacy of colonialism affect contemporary African international relations? If questioned today about Africa in general the first reactions I would have are poor governance, poverty, conflict, economic instability and hunger. These are the major characteristics that dominate most of the states within the continent as a whole. The question would be has it always been this way? Different debates and differences have been focused on the colonial legacy forRead MoreRacism2299 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe Whites. From time to time, so-called ethnocentrism has been constructed and rooted deeply in the white peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. This is why, later, white people believed they were born to be better than others. According to historical event, the scramble for Africa was the invasion, occupation, colonization, and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period between 1881 and 1914. Therefore, the Europeans can never treat their colonies as the same as host countriesRead MoreStudy Guide Chapter 28 Ap World History2761 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesfollowing statements concerning the global aspects of World War I is most accurate? A) The British dominions, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand remained aloof and virtually untouched by the war. B) By 1914, the United States had not entered the scramble for colonial possessions. C) American businessmen prior to 1917 profited by selling goods to both sides and by taking advantage of European distractions to seize new world markets. D) The United States aggressively entered the war in 1914 to
Friday, May 15, 2020
Special Events Special events are parties with a 4-point purpose. To be most effective and worthwhile events should optimally achieve four primary goals: Ã¢â¬ ¢ An event should celebrate your schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s mission and vision; Ã¢â¬ ¢ An event should help you identify and engage new prospects for your school; Ã¢â¬ ¢ An event should raise money in support of your schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s overall mission or for a particular program; and, Ã¢â¬ ¢ An event should promote your school to the broader community. Of all the revenue streams in a comprehensive advancement program, special events give your school the most exposure to the largest possible audience, but they also cost the most per dollar raised. While special events are considered a revenue stream within a comprehensiveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Finally, evaluate your event. Did you meet your participation and fundraising goals? Did you have enough volunteers? What elements of your event were a hit, and which ones werenÃ¢â¬â¢t as popular? Were there any snags the night of the event that can be prevented next year? What would you do differently next year? Consider more than just how much was raised and how many people attended Ã¢â¬â factor in how much paid staff time and volunteer time the event required. Institutional Funders There are three types of institutional funders: Corporations, Foundations, and the Government. Government funders include federal, state and local government agencies, and funding may be in the form of pass-through funds, subaward funds, or contracts and collaborative agreements. Federal grants are considered economic aid issued by the United States Government provided in order for the recipient to carry out a public purpose. There are Categorical Grants that include project grants and formula grants, Block Grants and Earmark Grants. Corporate Giving Corporate giving, also known as corporate philanthropy, refers to the act of for-profit companies donating some of their profits or resources to charity. Donations may come from the company directly, or through a separate, company-sponsored foundation. Giving interests often complement the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s business interests, and are usually limited to programs that benefit their employees, theirShow MoreRelatedSpeech On Rising Sea Level Essay1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages 1. Why is it important to analyze your audience as you prepare your speech? Everyone has different views, religion, values, and beliefs as many will hold one more important than others and conflict with others. This leads the audience to biases in listening to the speaker therefore may not listen attentively or care about the speech. Thus as a speaker you must know your audience is as a person, their love, views, values, and beliefs to use it to entice them to listen and care. After all it is theRead MoreWhy Is It Important? How Your Audience As You Prepare Your Speech? Essay1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhy is it important to analyze your audience as you prepare your speech? Everyone has different views, religion, values, attitudes and beliefs as many will hold one more important than others and conflict with others. This leads the audience to biases in listening to the speaker therefore may not listen attentively or care about the speech. Thus as a speaker you must know your audience is as a person, their love, views, values, and beliefs to use it to entice them to listen and care. After all itRead MoreTextual Analysis1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTowards a better and cleaner textile industry [Textual Analysis] Written Assignment 4 This assignment is through an analysis of appeal forms, speech acts, move structures, text functions, text types and relevant rhetorical strategies going to determine the genre and purpose of the text Ã¢â¬ËTowards a better and cleaner textile industryÃ¢â¬â¢, which was posted on Novozymes website on March 30, 2011. Appeal Forms The text consists of a number of logical arguments that promote the use of enzymes inRead MoreComputer Virus860 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSTAMFORD UNIVERSITY BANGLADESH Assignment on Public Speaking Assignment topic : Informative speech on Ã¢â¬Å"Computer VirusesÃ¢â¬ Submitted to : Kanita Ridwana Lecturer Department of English Stamford University Bangladesh. Submitted by : Mir Alim Ã¢â¬â uz Ã¢â¬â zaman Read MoreDiscussion Questions On Formal Language1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1) In Denise LewisÃ¢â¬â¢s speech, she is addressing her president as well as the International Olympic Committee [IOC]. This is a nonprofit organization whose committee is entirely made up of volunteers. Denise had competed in the Olympic Heptathlon events in the Sydney Olympics. She was one of many champions at the games. Denise was giving a speech on behalf of all Olympians giving her thoughts and opinions on this past event. Explaining how the event was set up, how the events were run and whetherRead MoreMy Out Of Class Speaker Critique Assignment1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessyndicated comics. The event took place in Sursa Hall inside the Music Instruction Building, and it lasted an hour and half long from 7:00 to 8:30 pm. This lecture occurred on Wednesday, February 15th. In his speech, Mr. Davis talked about his youthful years, the initial challenges he faced, the business str ategies he used, and the wild adventure he endured throughout his comical Garfield business adventures. Regarding his desired response from the audience in his speech, Mr. Davis made it overtlyRead MoreThe I Reasonably Enjoyed Reading The Loudest Duck1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages I reasonably enjoyed reading The Loudest Duck; it was very informative and gave me very different points of view. It hit the ground running with a statistic that as of 2010 there were 13 women and 4 blacks that were CEOÃ¢â¬â¢s for Fortune 500 companies (Liswood 3). These proportions are drastically lower than what it would be if it followed the population of the U.S. Looking at this simply, it shows that females and blacks (along with other non-dominant groups) are disadvantaged in some way alongRead MoreInformative Speech Outline2182 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswithout stating to whom these ideas or statements belong to. A student suspected of plagiarism can be given a zero mark, and possibly fail the entire course. Assessment: Impromptu speech 10% Informative speech (15% speech, 5% outline) 20% Show and Tell Poster Session (10% speech, 10% poster) 20% Assignment : Group Interaction 10% Final Examination 40% __________________________________________________________________ Total 100% Read MoreThe Pro Football Hall Of Fame And The Year Of His Death1251 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract The subjectively informative written speech was given in 1970 right before his induction into the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the year of his death. This speech applies to multiple areas professional, sports and personal, because of the principles of winning and success throughout it. Mr. Lombardi could never have imagined the impact that this speech would have on the world over 25 years later. This speech has been played for countless people over these years to motivate companies, teamsRead MoreThe Pro Football Hall Of Fame And The Year Of His Death1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract The subjectively informative written speech was given in 1970 right before his induction into the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the year of his death. This speech applies to multiple areas professional, sports and personal, because of the principles of winning and success throughout it. Mr. Lombardi could never have imagined the impact that this speech would have on the world over 25 years later. This speech has been played for countless people over these years to motivate companies,
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS Is CEO Pay Too High and Are Incentives Too Low? P.1 CEO Pay and Corporate Governance in the U.S.: Perceptions, Facts, and Challenges P.2 Not-for-Profit Hospital CEO Performance and Pay: Some Evidence from Connecticut P.3 Chief Executive Compensation: An Empirical study of Fat Cat CEOs P.4 Pay for Performance? CEO Compensation and Acquirer Returns in BHCs P.5 Boards of Directors, CEO Ownership, and the Use of Non-Financial Performance Measures in the CEO Bonus Plan P.6 Is CEO Cash Compensation Punished for Poor Firm Performance? P.7 The CEO Share Of Earnings: A New Approach To Evaluating Executive Compensation P.8 Core, J., Guary, W. (2010). Is CEO Pay Too High and Are Incentives Too Low? A Wealth Based ContractingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The researchers suggest leveraging rewarding CEOs with company stock rather than other forms of financial compensation. Kaplan, S. (2013). CEO Pay and Corporate Governance in the U.S.: Perceptions, Facts, and Challenges. Journal of Applied Corporate Finance., 25(2), 8-25. The researcher of this article evaluated a large range of prior evidence and studies pertaining to the perception that have been previously formulated concern the compensation of a CEO and the governance surrounding organizations in the United State. The researcher evaluated the following perceptions that CEOS are currently, being over compensated for their performance and their compensation is constantly increasing, CEO may be actually being under paid for their performance in organizations, and finally that an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s board of director does not take proper action on CEOs who have poor performance. The author cites several past studies and prior research on each of the perceptions above to conclude that CEO pay has actually been decreasing since the 2000Ã¢â¬â¢s despite seeing an increase in the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s. The researcher does suggest that the decline in CEO pay may actually be resulting in higher performing CEOÃ¢â¬â¢s are not being paid enough. The CEO pay for organizations listed on the SP 500 are lowest
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Critical Review of a painting at the Jaycee Park Center Essay The artist has also created an impression of distance as the cows in the front appear to be large in size. And clearer as compared to the two cowboys in the background. The element of a middle ground is present Which is portrayed by the cowboy With the red scarf. He appears to be positioned between the cows in the front, and the other two cowboys in the back. The artist has been able to imply the texture Of the cows skin using different brush strokes. One can see the roughness of the cows kin even Without having to touch the smooth Oil painted canvas. One cannot immediately tell the time of day when the picture was taken. This is because the background is not blue, but rather it is a grayish color, and most probably the cowboys are trying to lead the cows back to their stables for shelter before it rain. In the process of rounding up the cows, the surrounding is filled with dust resulting in the dark gold background. According to this picture, the artist is trying to indicate that there are those individuals who take a lead in controlling situation. In this case, the cowboy in the middle seems to be more in charge tot the situation than the other two cowboys in the background. Similarly, the same thing happens in reality where some people are more aggressive than others. This type of person always takes a leading role in whatever situation they find themselves, They can manage to solve their problems, and do not rely on other people around them for assistance. The lead cowboy is wearing a blue shirt which is mostly associated with people in leadership positions, His success n this situation will be achieved if he can manage to round up all the cows into the intended direction. The artist has used a combination of both design principles and visual elements that make it a catching piece of art. My first glance at this picture just reminded me Of the life experienced in such a ranch, in the countryside. One can also imagine the magnitude of noise created by the cows hoofs as they were being led towards their stables. The horses must have also been galloping, and raising their front legs in order to direct the cows towards he required direction. This kind Of work must entail a lot Of effort as it is not easy to control the direction of movement off large herd of cows. Apart from that, one cannot ignore the cowboy in the middle. Ranches always have a foreman, or the owner who is in charge of the others In my opinion, the artist was successful in illustrating both content, and composition through this painting. In life, one must stand out and take control over the situations surrounding them.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Electrical Utility Deregulation Electrical utility deregulation is the process of transforming electrical utility companies from regulated monopolies to market-driven suppliers of competitive energy and services. (Reliant Energy HL&P 1999) It means that customers will have the ability to choose their electrical supplier. Today's utility customers want lower prices, more choice, and better service as well as reliability. The deregulation of other industries such as railroad, trucking, natural gas, and telecommunications has shown people that choice can provide better value. The deregulated electric utility industry would look and act a lot like the long distance phone business. The market would set electricity rates. Sharp increases or decreases in the cost of fuel or customer volume would affect the prices. Prices have decreased even without deregulation however. According to the Edison Electrical Institute, real electricity prices have dropped 27 percent in the last 15 years. But with deregulation there is the potential that they will drop even more. The main issue that is of concern to electrical utility companies is stranded costs. Stranded costs are the past investments utilities were obligated to make in the regulated electric system. These investments were prudently incurred and government-approved to ensure reliability of supply and were partially recovered through customers' rates. (Reliant Energy HL&P 1999) Electrical utilities believe the recovery of past investments should be part of the overall deregulation process since they will be hard to recover in an open, competitive marketplace. If this issue is resolved to the satisfaction of the utility companies, it will open the way for deregulation. As stated in the previous page, the main obstacle to electrical utility deregulation is stranded costs. Two of the main issues surrounding stranded costs are their impact on electricity prices and stranded costs will affect the financial viability of an individual electrical utility. It is hard to determine exactly how much stranded cost will be. They have been estimated to be anywhere from 10 billion to more than 500 billion. And stranded costs may be higher in some parts of the country than in others. According to Research Data International, 86 percent of the stranded costs lie in 10 states that have 43 percent of the electricity market. California is at the top of the list, followed by New York, Texas, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Georgia, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. The utility companies want to be able to recover most of if not all of their stranded costs, and if they are not able to electrical prices may be higher because of it. Another problem that has arisen is the concern over possible environmental and social protections built in through regulation would be lost. The Utility Workers Union of America believes that a competitive market would give profit driven companies an incentive to promote consumption, which would undermine many of the conservation programs that are promoted today. I think that we should not rush to judgement on these problems. Many states are implementing deregulation, and we will see exactly what happens and doesn't happen during these experimental times. Similar concerns were raised before the airline industry was deregulated, but it worked out just fine. There are 3 main objectives that electrical utility deregulation hopes to achieve. First and foremost are lower utility rates. Granted that utility rates are relatively low at the present time, with deregulation there exists the potential for them to be even lower. Businesses would have the most to gain from deregulation because of the large amounts of electricity that they utilize. They would be able to use the money saved on other methods or capital to better serve their customers. The everyday household would benefit because instead of having to purchase all the services from a utility company, they would have the option to purchase only some of them, or choose a different company of their liking. Secondly, better quality of service and product as a result of the competition is another objective of deregulation. With many different companies competing for customers, the companies will not benefit from producing an inferior product or poor service. The customers will simply take their business elsewhere. Prices will also be lower, because all the companies will be trying to entice customers with the lowest rates. Competition is what made the American economy into what it is today. It is a vital component of capitalism. The freedom of choice enjoyed in a capitalist system is so often taken for granted. It is what this nation was founded upon. The third objective of deregulation is the creation of more jobs through privatization. With deregulation there will be many more
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Battle of the Coral Sea in World War II The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought May 4-8, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945) as the Allies sought to halt the Japanese capture of New Guinea. During the opening months of World War in the Pacific, the Japanese won a string of stunning victories which saw them capture Singapore, defeat an Allied fleet in the Java Sea, and force American and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula to surrender. Pushing south through the Dutch East Indies, the Imperial Japanese Naval General Staff had initially desired to mount an invasion of northern Australia to prevent that country from being used as base. This plan was vetoed by the Imperial Japanese Army which lacked the manpower and shipping capability to sustain such an operation. To secure the Japanese southern flank, Vice Admiral Shigeyoshi Inoue, commander of the Fourth Fleet, advocated for taking all of New Guinea and occupying the Solomon Islands. This would eliminate the last Allied base between Japan and Australia as well as would provide a security perimeter around Japans recent conquests in the Dutch East Indies. This plan was approved as it would also bring northern Australia within range of Japanese bombers and would offer jumping off points for operations against Fiji, Samoa, and New Caledonia. The fall of these islands would effectively sever Australias lines of communication with the United States. Japanese Plans Dubbed Operation Mo, the Japanese plan called for three Japanese fleets sortie from Rabaul in April 1942. The first, led by Rear Admiral Kiyohide Shima, was tasked with taking Tulagi in the Solomons and establishing a seaplane base on the island. The next, commanded by Rear Admiral Koso Abe, consisted of the invasion force that would strike the main Allied base on New Guinea, Port Moresby. These invasion forces were screened by Vice Admiral Takeo Takagis covering force centered around the carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku and the light carrier Shoho. Arriving at Tulagi on May 3, Japanese forces quickly occupied the island and set up a seaplane base. Allied Response Throughout the spring of 1942, the Allies remained informed about Operation Mo and Japanese intentions through radio intercepts. This largely occurred as a result of American cryptographers breaking the Japanese JN-25B code. Analysis of the Japanese messages led the Allied leadership to conclude that a major Japanese offensive would occur in the Southwest Pacific during the early weeks of May and that Port Moresby was the likely target. Responding to this threat, Admiral Chester Nimitz, Commander-in-Chief of the US Pacific Fleet, ordered all four of his carrier groups to the area. These included Task Forces 17 and 11, centered on the carriers USS YorktownÃ (CV-5)Ã and USS LexingtonÃ (CV-2) respectively, which were already in the South Pacific. Vice Admiral William F. Halseys Task Force 16, with the carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6) and USS Hornet (CV-8), which had just returned to Pearl Harbor from the Doolittle Raid, was also ordered south but would not arrive in time for the battle. Fleets Commanders Allies Rear Admiral Frank J. Fletcher2 carriers, 9 cruisers, 13 destroyers Japanese Vice Admiral Takeo TakagiVice Admiral Shigeyoshi Inoue2 carriers, 1 light carrier, 9 cruisers, 15 destroyers Fighting Begins Led by Rear Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, Yorktown and TF17 raced to the area and launched three strikes against Tulagi on May 4, 1942. Hitting the island hard, they badly damaged the seaplane base and eliminated its reconnaissance capabilities for the coming battle. In addition, Yorktowns aircraft sank a destroyer and five merchant ships. Steaming south, Yorktown joined Lexington later that day. Two days later, land-based B-17s from Australia spotted and attacked the Port Moresby invasion fleet. Bombing from high-altitude, they failed to score any hits. Throughout the day both carrier groups searched for each other with no luck as cloudy skies limited visibility. With night setting in, Fletcher made the difficult decision to detach his main surface force of three cruisers and their escorts. Designated Task Force 44, under the command of Rear Admiral John Crace, Fletcher ordered them to block the probable course of the Port Moresby invasion fleet. Sailing without air cover, Craces ships would be vulnerable to Japanese air strikes. The next day, both carrier groups resumed their searches. Scratch One Flattop While neither found the others main body, they did locate secondary units. This saw Japanese aircraft attackÃ and sink the destroyer USS Sims as well as cripple the oiler USS Neosho. American aircraft were luckier as they located Shoho. Ã Caught with most of its aircraft group below decks, the carrier was lightly defended against the combined air groups of the two American carriers. Led by Commander William B. Ault,Ã Lexingtons aircraft opened the attack shortly after 11:00 AM and scored hits with two bombs and five torpedoes. Burning and nearly stationary,Ã ShohoÃ was finished off byÃ Yorktowns aircraft. The sinking of Shoho led Lieutenant Commander Robert E. Dixon of LexingtonÃ to radio the famous phraseÃ scratch one flattop.Ã On May 8, scout planes from each fleet found the enemy around 8:20 AM. As a result, strikes were launched by both sides between 9:15 AM and 9:25 AM. Arriving over Takagis force,Ã Yorktowns aircraft, led by Lieutenant Commander William O. Burch,Ã began attacking ShokakuÃ at 10:57 AM. Hidden in a nearby squall,Ã ZuikakuÃ escaped their attention. Hitting ShokakuÃ with two 1,000 lb. bombs, Burchs men caused severe damage before departing. Reaching the area at 11:30 AM,Ã Lexingtons planes landed another bomb hit on the crippled carrier. Unable to conduct combat operations, CaptainÃ Takatsugu JojimaÃ received permission to withdraw his ship from the area.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Japanese Strike Back While the US pilots were having success, Japanese aircraft were approaching the American carriers. Ã These were detected byÃ Lexingtons CXAM-1 radar and F4F Wildcat fighters were directed to intercept. Ã While some of the enemy aircraft were downed, several commenced runsÃ onÃ YorktownÃ andÃ Lexington shortly after 11:00 AM. Ã Japanese torpedo attacks on the former failed, while the latter sustained two hits by Type 91 torpedoes. Ã These assaults were followed by dive bombing attacks which scored a hit onÃ YorktownÃ and two onÃ Lexington.Ã Damage crews raced to save Lexington and succeeded in restoring the the carrier to operational condition. Ã As these efforts were concluding, sparks from an electric motor ignited a fire which led to a series of fuel-related explosions. In a short time, the resulting fires became uncontrollable. With the crew unable to extinguish the flames, Captain Frederick C. Sherman ordered LexingtonÃ abandoned. After the crew was evacuated, the destroyer USSÃ PhelpsÃ fired five torpedoes into the burning carrier to prevent its capture. Blocked in their advance and with Craces force in place, the overall Japanese commander, Vice Admiral Shigeyoshi Inoue, ordered the invasion force to return to port. Aftermath A strategic victory, the Battle of the Coral Sea cost Fletcher the carrier Lexington, as well as the destroyer Sims and the oiler Neosho. Total killed for the Allied forces was 543. For the Japanese, the battle losses included Shoho, one destroyer, and 1,074 killed. In addition, Shokaku was badly damaged and Zuikakus air group greatly reduced. As a result, both would miss the Battle of Midway in early June. While Yorktown was damaged, it was quickly repaired at Pearl Harbor and raced back to sea to aid defeating the Japanese.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
HNBS 105 Aspects of Contract and Negligence - Essay Example There must be some hard and fast regulations that indulge the legal bindings while the contracts are executed. If any of the above stated essential features is missing in a contract, the contract will not be accepted by the legal authorities. Such a contract will not be sued in the court against the guilty party (Deno, 1982). The essentials are drawn only to provide a legal back up to the contracts such that no party can harm the interests of the other one. The courts play an arbitrary role in this stance hence it is constrained to execute the entire document of essential features of the contract (Shenson, 1990). Legal Contract: It is a simple contract which is executed to fulfill any legal requirement which is most commonly in practice (Clement, 1903). All the contracts like partnership, buying selling and the remaining minor categories which can draw any contract and ultimately it may lead to legal binding in case of being guilty at any end. Social Contract: Most common example of the social contract is marriage where two individuals are bound under the back of legal authorities. It is basically a stance which remains between two or more individuals. This kind of contracts may be legal or not. Sometimes it confuses with the promises as well. Quasi Contract: it is an ethical jurisprudence under the head of contract. For example, if you find a bag full of currency at some public place then it is your ultimate duty to make it reach to its real owner. However it is also a questionable scenario (Shenson, 1990). Many schools of thought do not consider the second, third and fourth type as a full contract. Rather they take those as partial contracts (Deno, 1982). These contracts are also known as implied contracts which are understood while in concrete legal contracts, all the clauses are set by the parties. For example, in marriage, the clauses are preset as the general